It was found in 1868, under a stone slab in a ringfort in Reerasta, near Ardagh, Co. Several court cases took place to determine the rightful owner, as well as the net worth of the collection. Either way, both the Ardagh Chalice and the Derrynaflan chalice are exquisite examples of medieval metalwork. Monasteries at this time were some of the wealthiest places in Ireland as they were centres of education and learning as well as religious hubs. In 1986 CE, the value of this hoard was estimated at IR£5.5 million ($8.4 million), concluding that the family could keep it unless the museum was willing to pay this amount of money to take possession. The exact facts about what happened next aren’t known anymore, but in any case, the two boys dug up what is now known as the Ardagh Hoard. However, as they are not quite as elaborate as other examples such as the Ardagh Chalice or the Tara Brooch, it is likely that they were used more regularly than these. The Derrynaflan paten was assembled from over 300 separate components and is the only large scale paten to survive from early medieval Europe. This chalice dates from the early 9th century AD and was found in 1980 on a monastic site at Derrynaflan, Co. Tipperary This chalice is part of a hoard of altar vessels found in 1980 on a monastic site at Derrynaflan, Co. Tipperary. Although it is often overshadowed by its more well known sister, the Ardagh Chalice, it is nonetheless a stunning piece of metalwork with an equally intriguing history. Under the National Monuments Act of 1930 CE, a preservation order made it illegal for anyone to damage or interfere with the ruins of the site. Other semi-precious materials used include glass, amber, malachite and rock crystal. Learn how your comment data is processed. Measuring 11.5 cm (4.5 in) across, it is surrounded by a rim of silver foil, with some enamelled studs added to the strainer plate. While the strainer is worth mentioning, the chalice and paten are more impressive and two of the most treasured artefacts ever discovered during Irish excavation. Another significant find is the Derrynaflan Hoard, discovered in 1980 on the site of an old monastery at Derrynaflan, Co. Tipperary. All Rights Reserved. Last modified November 09, 2020. I bought this for my wife as part of our anniversary celebration and she loved it. Derrynaflan is a small island of dry land situated in a surrounding area of peat bogs, in the townland of Lurgoe, Co. Tipperary, northest of Cashel. Fine gold wire is used to form zoomorphic patterns surrounded by Celtic knot patterns. The most common images on these filigree panels are animals and beast heads, including wingless griffons and dogs. Related Content These early civilisations weren’t just skilled builders however – they were also a dab hand at metalwork, making weapons, jewellery and other practical objects to make their daily lives easier and more efficient (as well as more beautiful and more dangerous too!) Seeing this hoard just make you wonder how many more items like it have yet to be found or sadly never will … The Derrynaflan Chalice is an 8th- or 9th-century chalice, that was found as part of the Derrynaflan Hoard of five liturgical vessels. Please note that content linked from this page may have different licensing terms. Things didn’t turn out so badly for the Webbs though; the state voluntarily offered them a further £50,000 reward for their troubles! The monastery might have been surrounded by marshy bogs but there were several tracks leading to and from the location and out into surrounding areas. Derrynaflan is an island of pastureland surrounded by waterlogged bogs near the small town of Killenaule in county Tipperary. The bowl and base would have been decorated separately before being attached and then finished. The piece they first unearthed was a bronze basin, taking it out to discover the chalice, strainer and paten underneath. Derrynaflan Chalice (8th/9th Century) Discovered in 1980 on farmland close to the site of an early Irish monastery, in Derrynaflan, County Tipperary, the Derrynaflan Chalice is considered to be one of the most outstanding pieces of goldsmithing in the history of Irish art. Findings included bronze and iron stick pins, bone combs, and fragments of a piece of sheet bronze decorated with an engraved foliage pattern. In 1994 CE, another National Monuments Amendment Act declared state ownership of archaeological objects and made it an offence to trade these objects or fail to report an archaeological discovery. While the owner of the land allowed these men to use a metal detector on the site, it was still illegal for them to dig up their findings. "Derrynaflan Hoard." Bowl and base are constructed from beaten silver that has been lathe-polished, and the whole piece stands 19.2cm high with a diameter of 21cm. That chalice, uncovered in 1868, had been found near Ardagh, Limerick, about fifty miles west of Derrynaflan. We have also been recommended for educational use by the following publications: Ancient History Encyclopedia Foundation is a non-profit organization registered in Canada. The Derrynaflan Chalice stands at 19.2 cm (7.6 in) high, with a diameter of 21 cm (8.3 in) and consists of a beaten silver bowl and base joined by a copper-alloy pin. A band of gold filigree work lines the outside of the chalice bowl and the upper flat section of the base plate, each one interspersed with amber studs at equal distances. As the centuries went on, people’s skills became more and more refined, Christianity was introduced to the country, and as a result some exquisite religious objects such as chalices, book shrines, crosiers and the like came into existence. An excavation undertaken by staff of the National Museum recovered some missing components of the decorated objects, such as gold filigree panels, die-stamped mounts and […] Please help us create teaching materials on Mesopotamia (including several complete lessons with worksheets, activities, answers, essay questions, and more), which will be free to download for teachers all over the world. The chalice along with a paten, a liturgical strainer and basin were part of a hoard of treasure found by metal detectorist on land close to the monastery of… This field is for validation purposes and should be left unchanged. They still agreed to present the family with an award of IR£50,000 ($75,000) for finding it. This chalice is part of a hoard of altar vessels found in 1980 on a monastic site at Derrynaflan, Co. Tipperary. 1973), pp. This is due to the evidence that the latest object in the collection, the Derrynaflan Chalice, dating from the early 9th century CE was only a little worn from use when it was buried. Since the objects in the Derrynaflan hoard are highly decorated, they are likely to have been kept for occasional use only, i.e for the most important ceremonies of the year or for the most important abbots to use. This wire is finely knitted together, with images of the same quality as those on the Ardagh Chalice. Initially referred to as the Killenaule Chalice and subsequently named the Derrynaflan … Wine would have been poured through the strainer to remove any impurities before it was released into the chalice. It is thought to have been buried during the 10th century CE, during the time of the invasions. The silver chalice is comparable to the Ardagh… So in 1980 when a man by the name of Michael Webb and his son came to the site from Clonmel to indulge their hobby of exploring with metal detectors, they were granted permission by the owner to investigate but were forbidden from doing any digging whatsoever. Along with the Derrynaflan Chalice, this is one of the finest liturgical vessels of the Early Christian world. The handles consist of one large central circular panel with three smaller circles forming a triangle, with filigree panels in between. Today, the site is free to visit and the ruins of a church and a single wall from another historic building can be seen. Knowing that their activities would not be looked on kindly despite finding something of enormous value, they kept the discovery hidden for three weeks. The Derrynaflan Chalice is one of these prized medieval treasure that has now been given pride of place in Ireland’s foremost National Museum. The Christian symbol of the cross can be seen on each of these studs. The Derrynaflan treasures consist of a chalice, paten, liturgical strainer and a basin. On the site today are the ruins of an old church, most likely dating from the 13th century CE but little is known about the people that built it. Over €660,000 was allocated this week for a project called the Littleton Labyrinth. This chalice dates from the early 9th century AD and was found in 1980 on a monastic site at Derrynaflan, Co. Tipperary This chalice is part of a … The level of technical ability and artwork displayed on this paten is of the same quality as the Ardagh Chalice. The chalice is about six inches tall and can be viewed in the National Museum of Ireland. Found on the... An 8th or 9th Century CE silver paten and accompanying bronze base... A silver paten and its bronze base, from the Derrynaflan Hoard... A close-up photo of the Derrynaflan Chalice, an 8th or 9th Century... 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